Lived Experiences of Unemployed Women in Toronto and Halifax, Canada Who Were Previously Precariously Employed
Over the past few years, there has been an increase in the
number of workers in Canada who are not in standard employment
relations but are instead in contract, part-time, or otherwise precarious
employment. At the same time, the neoliberal policy paradigm has
replaced the belief that we should support workers through full-time
stable employment with an idea that labour can be utilized whenever and
however required, as dictated by the economy’s needs. The detrimental
effects of neoliberal market policies are well known. Further exploration is
needed on the differential impacts of these policies on women with
intersectional identities, particularly in an era of increasing employment
precarity. Based on a qualitative study of unemployed women’s lived
experiences in Toronto and Halifax, this article explores the issues
surrounding unemployment, including financial impacts, job searching,
retraining, and health impacts of unemployment and employment
precarity. The results were analyzed using intersectional and grounded
theory. The study concludes with key results related to the impact of
precarity in the labour market: Neoliberal erosion of the welfare state is
manifested in a lack of supports for workers.
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